The problem addressed by the campaign:
- The Bologna Process is an attempt to build an overarching European policy response to issues such as the public responsibility for higher education and research, higher education governance, and the social dimension of higher education and research as well as the values and roles of higher education and research in modern, globalized and increasingly complex societies with the most demanding qualification needs.
- Previously, there was confusion surrounding educational qualifications between European countries – this had an adverse impact on mobility for individual employment and led to skills shortages in certain economies.
Conclusions and Recommendations:
- Do not allow a “pick and choose” approach to implementation, or it may lead to great imbalances in the higher education systems. This is especially true if agendas such as the Bologna agenda are also used for justifying national political changes, with little connection to the core Bologna aims. Implementation should not be left to member states or it will become Balkanized.
- Do not neglect the social dimension of higher education (financial support measures, equality and access); reforms of this scope must not be taken in isolation.
- Manage expectations democratically for the countries involved to prevent damaging sentiments of national superiority in recognition and qualification systems.
- Reforms in degree structure must be matched with reforms in curricula and teaching.