The problem addressed by the campaign:
- Russia is suffering from a
significant brain drain, with much local talent fleeing to more lucrative
labour markets in the West. Nearly 1 million people have left Russia in the
past decade, and around 80% were highly qualified specialists (25,000 PhD
holders have left Russia in the last few decades). This puts pressure on
Russia’s labour markets and results in labour shortages – particularly of
highly skilled workers.
- The number of workers in the most
highly skilled professions and occupations is declining rapidly. For example,
the number of people employed in machine-tool engineering has fallen by a startling
93% in the past 20 years. Even assuming that industry had been overstaffed in
the Soviet era, a 93% reduction is insupportable. As a result, the skills of
the Russian population are declining.
- Reliance on imported labour is complicated by the
recent surge in ethnic tension in Russia. This has forced the authorities to
rethink the country’s immigration policies to balance the interests of closing
talent gaps with those of maintaining social order and cohesion.
Conclusions and Recommendations:
faced with brain drain and lacking sufficient local talent to avoid shortages
of highly skilled workers must facilitate entry of imported labour by easing
visa requirements and streamlining processes that deter migration.
- Such efforts can be
successful even as tight screening measures ensure that migration is focused on
specific highly skilled jobs and impose conditions for good behaviour.