Global Agenda Council on the Future of Universities 2012-2014
Higher education and research face the pressure of globalization, competition and commercialization. The rising cost of higher education in the western world, combined with increasing strains in the job market and a poor economic environment, contribute to these pressures. According to CourseSmart, an e-textbook provider, tuition in the United States has increased 1120% since 1978. It is no surprise, therefore, that the recent boom in massive open online courses (MOOCs) has occupied debates and newspaper columns over the past 12 months. Directly or indirectly, the boom in MOOCs is putting higher education on the spot, along with the larger research sector. The speed at which change will happen has yet to be determined, but there is agreement that change will be deep, and that those universities that will be able to turn their challenges into opportunities will thrive.
What the Council is doing about it
In this context, the Council on the Future of Universities has identified three broad challenges and opportunities:
- The roles of technology and online education, which are testing the entire learning and teaching model
- The evolving roles of research and knowledge creation, which are under pressure from technology, funding and governance issues, new players and other factors, and which may no longer only be the prerogative of universities
- The challenge of the values of the university and the social contract it holds with society in a world that is more global
To date, the Council has focused on technology and online education in response to the surge in MOOCs. Faculty, presidents and senior university administrators, the public sector, and business and media leaders have contributed to the debate through sessions at World Economic Forum meetings, as well as through blog posts by individual Council Members discussing important topics such as “Imagining the Universities of the Future” and “Challenges for Research Universities”. The Council also contributed to the World Economic Forum Education Brainstorm Workshop, a roundtable discussion between senior university representatives held in November 2012 in New York. It aimed to find new ways to transform the education ecosystem, to identify key challenges and find new forms of collaboration. Based on these inputs, the Council has produced a detailed outline of the main areas and questions, and a survey supporting a conceptual mapping of universities as related to the Network of Global Agenda Councils’ topics and clusters.
“Directly or indirectly, the boom in MOOCs is putting higher education on the spot, along with the larger research sector.”
Going forward, the group will focus on knowledge creation and research, and on values. The Council will produce a high-level report on the three priority areas, aiming to set the agenda by means of challenging universities as they rethink their role, and raising a call to arms on the future of higher education and research.