- Director, European University Institute, Italy
- Director, International Trade Department, World Bank, Washington DC
Graduate, Erasmus University, Rotterdam; PhD in Economics, University of Michigan. Experience in Middle East and North Africa. 1988-93, with GATT Secretariat, Geneva. With World Bank: managed team on trade and international integration, Development Research Group, Development Economics Vice-Presidency, Economic Policy Division; currently, Sector Director, International Trade Department, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Vice-Presidency. Research Fellow, Centre for Economic Policy Research, London. Research includes functioning of multilateral trading system, international transactions in services, and relationship between competition and trade policy.