- Minister for SMEs, Innovation and Digital Economy of France
Graduate, ESSEC business school, Institut d'études politiques, Paris, and ENA (National School of Administration). Former public auditor, Cour des comptes (Government Audit Office). 2001-07, in addition to other duties, external auditor to the United Nations, Iraq, New York and Geneva. 2007, appointed rapporteur to the Committee on Professional Conduct in the State Civil Service (2008-09). May 2012, named Minister Delegate with responsibility for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Innovation and the Digital Economy.