- General Manager, Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Basel
Formerly: headed investment services company and fund management company for nearly 10 years; Director-General, Spanish Treasury; Financial Counsellor to Managing Director and Director of Monetary and Capital Markets Department, International Monetary Fund; 2000-06, Governor, Bank of Spain, Spain's central bank, including Member, Governing Council, European Central Bank. Since April 2009, current position. 2003-06, Chairman, Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. Since 2003, Member, Financial Stability Forum.