- Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Moscow Center, Russian Federation
Doctorate, Institute of International Relations and Academy of Sciences, Moscow. Visiting Professor: University of California, Berkeley; Cornell University. Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Senior Associate and Chair, Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Associate Fellow, Royal Institute for International Affairs, Chatham House, London. Member of the Board: WIIS; New Eurasia Foundation; Liberal Mission Foundation. Member of the Editorial Board: Pro et Contra; American Interest; Demokratizatsiya. Author of six books, including: Yeltsin's Russia - Myths and Reality (1999); Putin's Russia (2005); Russia - Lost in Transition, the Yeltsin and Putin Legacies (2007); Lonely Superpower - Why Russia Has Failed to Become the West and the West is Weary of Russia (2010).