- Vice-President and Commissioner for the Digital Agenda, European Commission, Brussels; Co-Chair of the Governors for Information and Communication Technologies Industries 2013
MSc in Economics, Erasmus University, Rotterdam. 1965-71, Assistant Professor of Economics, Erasmus University; 1969-71, Member, Rotterdam Municipal Council; Member, Rotterdam Chamber of Commerce; 1971-77, Member of Parliament; 1977-81, Secretary of State for Transport and Public Works; 1982-89, Cabinet Minister of Transport and Public Works; 1989-91, Adviser to European Transport Commissioner, Brussels. 1991-2004, President of the Board: National Investment Bank, Netherlands; Intis. 2004-09, European Commissioner for Competition. Since 2010, current position. Member of the Board: VIB; Royal Nedlloyd Group; Ballast Nedam; NCM Holding. Adviser to Coopers & Lybrand Dijker Van Dien; RAC, London. Chairman, Governing Board, De Kunsthal, Rotterdam. Member: Governing Board, Delta-TBS; Competitiveness Advisory Group to Chairman. Recipient of awards and honours, incl.: Grand Officer, Order of the Légion d'Honneur, France; Grand Cross, Order of Germany; Grand Officer, Order of Orange Nassau, Netherlands; Bintang Mahaputra Adiprana Order, Indonesia (1993); Woman of the Year in Infrastructure, International Road Federation (1993); Honorary Doctorate, University of Hull, UK (1989).