- Member of the Executive Committee of the PLO, Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian Territories
MA in Political Science, University of San Francisco; doctorate in Peace Studies, Bradford University. Formerly journalist, served for 12 years on the editorial board of Al-Quds newspaper, the Palestinian daily. Since 1996, Head, Negotiations Department, PLO, Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian Territories. Lecturer in Political Science, An-Najah University. Author of eight books and numerous research papers on foreign policy, oil and conflict resolution.