- Member, The Group of Thirty (G30), Washington DC
BSc and MSc in Economics, LSE; PhD in Economics, MIT, 1969. Until 1973, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Chicago; then Associate Professor, Department of Economics, MIT; 1977, Professor; until 1994, Killian Professor and Head, Department of Economics, MIT. Visiting Professor: Hebrew University, Jerusalem; Hoover Institute, Stanford. 1988-90, Vice-President, Development Economics and Chief Economist, World Bank. 1994-2001, First Deputy Managing Director, IMF; 2002-05, Vice-Chairman Citigroup and President, Citigroup International; since 2005, Governor of the Central Bank of Israel. Fellow: Econometric Society; American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Member, Group of 30, Council on Foreign Relations.