Baroness Valerie Amos
Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
Since September 2010, Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC); as ERC responsible for the oversight of all emergencies requiring United Nations humanitarian assistance; also acts as the central focal point for governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental relief activities; leads the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), a unique inter-agency forum for coordination, policy development and decision-making involving the key United Nations and non-United Nations humanitarian partners. The IASC was established in June 1992 in response to resolution 46/182. General Assembly resolution 48/57 affirmed the IASC's role as the primary mechanism for the inter-agency coordination of humanitarian assistance. In a country affected by a disaster or conflict, the ERC may appoint a Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) to ensure response efforts are well organized. The HC works with government, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and affected communities. An OCHA office will be established to support the HC.