1978, degree in Maths & 1985, PhD in Econ., Moscow Aviation Inst. 1989-92, Dept Head, Main Computer Centre & 1992-96, Dept Head, Deputy Director and Acting Director, Centre for Economic Analysis. Visiting Researcher: Economic Research Inst., Japan; 1994-2001, IMF. Guest Researcher, Bank of Finland. Visiting Professor, Sorbonne Pantheon Univ. 1997, Founder and Editor-in-Chief, HSE Economic Journal. Deputy Director-Gen. and Acting Director-Gen., Bureau of Economic Analysis. Scholar in Residence, Carnegie Centre. Pro-Rector and Director, Inst. of Macroecon. Research and Forecasting, Higher School of Economics.