Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
1975, degree, Moscow State University; 1982, degree in Economics; 2000, PhD in Economics. 1992, Head of Department, Ministry of Labour; 1993-94, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Social Protection; 1997-2003, Head of Department, Russian Government. Since 2008, Member of Executive Board, Institute of Contemporary Development (INSOR). Interest: social studies.