Minister of Defence
Ministry of Defence of Estonia
1983, BA in History, Tartu University; 1994, MA in Philosophy, Tartu University. 1987-90, History Teacher, Tallinn Secondary School. 1990-92, Member, Congress, Committee and Supreme Council of Estonia; 1992, Member, Constitutional Assembly; since 1992, Member of Parliament; 1992-94 and 1999-2002, Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia. Since 1990, Member, Estonian Christian Democratic Union; 1991, Chairman, Jaan Tõnisson Institute; 1997, Founder, the Carnegie Foundation Economic Reform Council; 1998, Member, Reserve Officers Corps. Author of a number of Estonian and English language books and various publications on history. Interests: history. Recipient of awards.