Undersecretary of State
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy
2001-02, taught International Relations, La Sapienza University, Rome. Former Director-General for International Activities, Aspen Institute Italia. Editor-in-Chief, Aspenia. Former Member, Scientific Committee, and current Member, Trilateral Commission, Confindustria. Former: Head, Strategic Reflection Group, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; International Relations Advisor to Prime Ministers Massimo D'Alema and Giuliano Amato. Member of the Board of Directors: IAI (Istituto Affari Internazionali), Rome; Centro di Alti Studi sulla Cina Contemporanea, Turin; Istituto di Studi Diplomatici, Rome; IFRI (Institut Français des Relations Internationales), Paris. Editorial Contributor, La Stampa; has written or edited various studies and essays on international relations, including The Reform Decade in China: from Hope to Dismay; Author of Mondo privato e altre storie (2009). Recipient: Légion d'Honneur (2003).