Doctorate in Physical Sciences; graduate, Institut d'Administration des Entreprises. Chemical Engineer. 1975-78, Lecturer, Institut de Préparation aux Etudes Supérieures, Paris; 1979-81, Research Engineer, SAFT, Bordeaux. Since 1982, various positions with Michelin, including: Engineer, Technology Centre, Clermont-Ferrand; 1986-88, Personnel Manager, Research Center, Greenville, South Carolina, US; 1989, Research and Development, France; 1996, Corporate Vice-President, Communications; 2001-07, Corporate Vice-President, Group Projects and Secretary-General, Group Executive Council. Since 2008, Senior Vice-President in charge of Strategic Anticipation and Sustainable Development.