BSc in Aeronautical Engineering; MSc in Astrophysics; PhD and postdoctoral research in Upper Atmospheric Physics. Former: Physical Sciences Editor, Nature; Founding Editor, Physics World. Since 1995, Editor-in- Chief, Nature and Nature Publishing Group. Has worked with UK gov't, the EU and US Nat'l Institutes of Health on science and its impacts in society. Former Trustee, Cancer Research UK. Founding Trustee and Chair, MQ: transforming mental health. Elected Fellow, Royal Astronomical Society. Fellow, Institute of Physics. Recipient, honours and awards.