Secretary-General (2011-2012), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), India
1982, DPhil in Economics, Oxford; PhD, Lucknow Univ. 1982-87, with ICRIER; 1987-89, Professor, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade. 1989-95, Government of India: Bureau of Industrial Costs and Prices, Ministry of Industry, then Economic Adviser, Ministry of Finance. 1995-2004, several positions, including Principal Economist, Asian Development Bank, Manila. 2004-06, Chief Economist, Confederation of Indian Industry. 2006-10, Director and Chief Executive, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER). 2010, joined the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry as Director-General; since May 2011, Secretary-General. Non-executive member of the Central Board of Directors of the State Bank of India; Member, G-20 Advisory Group, Ministry of Finance, India; Member, India Brand Equity Foundation Board of Trustees; Member of the Board of Directors, US-India Educational Foundation. Also Member, Expert Committee, National Small Savings Fund, Ministry of Finance, India. Former Member, National Security Advisory Board. Author.