Graduate, Dickinson College; degree in Law, Catholic University; executive leadership programme, Oxford University. Former: CEO, GSMA, responsible for leading it to become the mobile industry's foremost body. Currently, Chief International Affairs Officer, VimpelCom. Member of the Board: ITU; Carmel; Mofilm. Member, G100 group. Recipient of award, ITU; acknowledged as one of the industry's leaders by Global Telecom Magazine, Tech 100 and others.