Director, Macroeconomic Studies
State University Higher School of Economics
Formerly: 1993-95, Deputy Minister of Finance, responsible for macroeconomic and taxation policy; 1995-98, First Deputy Chairman, Russian Central Bank, responsible for monetary and currency policy; 2006-08, Managing Director and Head, Merrill Lynch, Moscow; 2000-04, Deputy Director General and Managing Director, Interros, a Russian private investment company. Currently: scholar-in-residence, Economic Policy Program, Carnegie Moscow Center, focused on Russia's integration into the global economy, its recovery from the global financial crisis, the causes, long-term consequences, and measures taken to stabilize the situation; Director of Macroeconomic Studies, Moscow Higher School of Economics, since 2008. Board Member: Aeroflot-Russian Airlines; Russian National Reserve Bank. Author of numerous articles on Russia's economy, including the book: Battle for the Ruble.