Graduate, St Basil's College and York University, Toronto. Formerly: Toronto City Councillor; 15 years as Federal Member of the Canadian Parliament; Cabinet Minister in Citizenship and Immigration, Environment, and International Trade; five years as Canadian Ambassador to the World Trade Organization (WTO) and UN Agencies, Geneva; Chairman, WTO General Council. Nominated by the Canadian Government and the UN Secretary-General as a Commissioner, UN Global Commission on International Migration; senior fellow with an international trade think tank, Geneva. Currently, Director, Jeeves Group Switzerland. Concurrently: Special Adviser, Pace Global Advantage (PGA); teacher, International Relations Department, US Webster University, Geneva. Public speaker on a number of global issues and themes.