Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS
1964, PhD. With Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences: Professor, Graduate University; Senior Researcher; Doctoral Adviser; Deputy Director, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Security. Part-time Secretary-General, China Society of Natural Resources. Member, Strategic Management Advisory Group, Communities and Small-Scale Mining (CASM), World Bank. Chairman, CASM China Regional Network, economic development advisers to governments of Baiyin City, Gansu Province, and Fuxin City, Liaoning Province of China.