Minister of the National Planning Commission (NPC)
Presidency of South Africa
Training in Civil Engineering. Formerly: Community Organizer; 1983-90, Regional Secretary and National Executive Committee Member, United Democratic Front; 1985-89, repeatedly detained without trial for anti-apartheid activities; 1989-91, policy manager for community and entrepreneurial development foundation; 1991, elected to ANC National Executive and Head, ANC Department of Economic Planning; Member, National Working Committee, ANC and Minister's Council of Southern African Development Community; 1994-96, Minister of Trade and Industry; 1996-May 2009, Minister of Finance. Since May 2009, current position. Recipient of awards.