1952, graduate, London School of Economics. Founder: 1979, Open Society Fund; 1984, Soros Foundation, Hungary; 1987, Soros Foundation, Soviet Union; 1990, Central European University, Budapest and Prague. Chief Investment Adviser, Quantum Fund. Author of many articles on political and economic changes in Eastern Europe and former Soviet Union. Author of: The Alchemy of Finance; Opening the Soviet System; Underwriting Democracy; Soros on Soros; Staying Ahead of the Curve; The Crisis of Global Capitalism; The Age of Fallibility: Consequences of the War on Terror; The New Paradigm for Financial Markets. Recipient of numerous awards.