BA, Cambridge; MBA, Harvard. Retired Brigadier-General, Singapore Armed Forces. 1988-2011, in government, including as Minister for Information and the Arts, Minister for Health, Minister for Trade and Industry, and Minister for Foreign Affairs. Visiting Scholar, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore. Since 2012, Vice-Chairman, Kerry Group; Chairman, Kerry Logistics. Chair, Advisory Panel, Nalanda University Governing Board. Member: Foundation Board, World Economic Forum; Berggruen Institute of Governance; Asia-Pacific Advisory Board, Harvard Business School; International Advisory Board, IESE Business School; HK Economic Development Commission; 2013, Pontifical Commission for Reference on the Economic-Administrative Structure of the Holy See. Patron: LaSalle College of the Arts; Asian Competitiveness Institute, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore; Institute of Advanced Studies, Nanyang Technological University. Adviser, Sun Yat-Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall.