BSc in Mathematics and BA in Economics, Univ. of Cape Town; 1979, MSc, LSE; MA and DPhil, Oxford. 1984, Director, LMC, London and New York; 1988, Director of Programmes, OECD; 1992, Principal Economist, World Bank; 1995, Principal Economist, EBRD; 1996-2001, Chief Executive and Managing Director, Development Bank of Southern Africa; 2001-03, Director of Policy, then 2003-06, Vice-President, World Bank Group. Since 2006: Director and Professor of Globalization and Development, Oxford Martin School; Professorial Fellow, Balliol College, Oxford. Author of 17 books, including The Butterfly Defect and Divided Nations. Recipient of awards, incl. Chevalier, France.