MSc in Development Economics, Williams College; PhD in Economics, Boston University; Executive Development Program: Harvard, Stanford, INSEAD. Formerly with the World Bank: Chief Economist, Africa; Chief Economist, East Asia and Pacific; Director, Poverty and Social Policy; 1979-99, Country Director, Central Asia. 1999-2005, Governor, Central Bank of Pakistan. Chairman, National Commission for Government Reforms, Prime Minister Secretariat. Currently, Dean and Director, The Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Karachi. Expertise and interests: development economics, debt, globalization and economic reforms.