1993, degree in Physics, Moscow State University; 1996, Master's degree, Moscow's Plekhanov Academy of Economics. 1994-97, Director-General, Sayanogorsk Aluminium Smelter; 1997-2001, President, Sibirsky Aluminium Group. With Basic Element: 2001-09 and since 2012, Chairman, Supervisory Board. President, En+ Group; CEO, UC Rusal. Vice-President, Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. Chairman, Russian National Committee, International Chamber of Commerce. Member: Board of Trustees, Bolshoi Theatre; School of Business Administration, Moscow State University. Co-Founder: National Medicine Fund; National Science Support Foundation.