Degree in Economics, University of World Trade, Vienna. 1997-2008, led the Nestlé Group, first as CEO, until 2005, and then as Chairman and CEO. April 2008, handed over the office of CEO and remained Chairman of the Board, Nestlé. Vice-Chairman L'Oréal. Chairman of the Board: Nestlé Health Science; Nestlé Skin Health; Delta Topco (Formula 1). Member, Board, Exxon Mobil Corporation. Chairman, 2030 Water Resources Group. Vice-Chairman, Foundation Board, World Economic Forum. Member, Hong Kong-Europe Business Council. Recipient of awards, including: Austrian Cross of Honour for services to the Republic of Austria; La Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca; La Orden Francisco de Miranda, Republic of Venezuela; Schumpeter Prize for Outstanding Contribution in Disruptive Innovation; Honorary Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta, Canada.