PhD in Economics, Cornell University, US. 1985-91, Professor of Economics, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administracion; 1988-91, Visiting Fellow, University of Oxford; 1992-93, Minister of Planning of Venezuela; 1994-2000, Chief Economist, Inter-American Development Bank. Currently: Professor of Economic Development Practice, Kennedy School of Government; Director, Center for International Development, Harvard University. Former Member of the Board, Central Bank of Venezuela. Member of the Board, Accion International. President, Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association.