1976, BSc in Electrical Engineering, 1977, MSc, and 1986, PhD in Finance, Columbia University, US. Formerly: Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Institutional Clients Group, Markets and Banking, Citi Alternative Investments; President and Chief Operating Officer, institutional securities and investment banking business and Member, Management Committee, Morgan Stanley; founding Member and Chairman, Members Committee, Old Lane, LP. Since 2007, Chief Executive Officer. Chairman, Executive and Senior Leadership Committees, Citigroup. Member of the Board: Columbia University; Columbia Business School; Indian School of Business.