Master's in Economics. Lecturer and assistant professor in banking and finance. Formerly, with GE Group, Libya and Nigeria. 1980, joined Alcatel: positions in Egypt, Italy, Belgium, Ethiopia and East Africa; 1993, CSO, Egypt; 1999, Vice-President, Middle East; 2006, President, Middle East and Africa Business Unit. 2010, CEO, sub-Saharan Africa Cluster, Orascom Telecom Holding. Executive Chairman, Djezzy-OTA, Algeria. Member of the Board, Wind Italy and several other group companies. Conseiller du Commerce Extérieur de la France and Member of the Board, Chambre de Commerce Franco-Arabe. Recipient of awards including: Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur, France; Officer of the Order of Leopold the 2nd, Belgium.