PhD in Education. Formerly: over 19 years as Deputy Minister of Canadian Government departments, including Secretary of State, Transport Canada, Public Service Commission and Canadian International Development Agency. Former Chancellor, University of Ottawa. Member of the Board: UN Global Compact; Africa Capacity Building Foundation; Global Centre for Pluralism. Member, Group of External Advisors, World Bank Governance and Anti-Corruption Strategy. Member: Advisory Group on Climate Change and Sustainable Development, Asian Development Bank; Advisory Board, TrustLaw. Vice-Chair, Senior Advisory Board, International Anti-Corruption Academy. Adviser to national and international organizations. Recipient, Companion of the Order of Canada.