Matthew Bishop is Chief Business Editor of The Economist, an international weekly journal of ideas, opinions and analyses. Bishop joined The Economist in 1991 as Economics Correspondent, then later became the Britain Correspondent, American Finance Editor and in 2000, the New York Bureau Chief. He is also the author of Essential Economics, the official (The Economist) guide to economics, published in 2004. He was a Member of the Sykes Commission Tomorrow's Company Inquiry into the Investment System in the 21st Century. He is currently a Member of the Advisors Group for the UN International Year of Microcredit 2005. Bishop is a graduate of Jesus College, University of Oxford.