Economic Progress

This data has never been collected before. Here's what it tells us about globalization

The First Globalisation began in Europe in the 1840s, before expanding to other continents later in the 19th century. Image: REUTERS/Nicky Loh

Michel Fouquin

Advisor, CEPII

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Economic Progress

 Export openness for three country samples: 1827-2014
Image: VoxEU
 Evolution of average world international relative trade costs: 1827-2014
Image: VoxEU
  Elasticity of bilateral trade to distance: 1827-2014
Image: VoxEU
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