Emerging Technologies

5 extraordinary pictures of space

space exploration X ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova

The 'Cartwheel Galaxy'. Image: NASA

Victor Tangermann
Writer and Photo Editor, Futurism
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Space

  • From the Messier 82 galaxy to the Cartwheel Galaxy, NASA has used telescopes from around the world to produce high-quality images of outer space.
  • They used infrared, radio waves, and gamma rays to create a 'treasure trove' of images.

NASA released a “treasure trove of cosmic delights” last month — gorgeous imagery courtesy of telescopes from around the world.

Have you read?

The universe, seen in infrared, radio waves, and gamma rays, is a spectacular sight to behold, with colors, spirals, and star bursts looking like they were dreamed up by a computer animator. But beyond some color coding and “multiwavelength” layering, this is what the various corners of our universe actually look like.

Messier 82

First up is the Messier 82 galaxy, pictured in X-ray and optical light using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and Hubble Space Telescope respectively. The blue and pink patterns seen in the image are absolutely massive, spanning some 20,000 light years, the result of repeated supernova explosions.

space exploration x ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova
The blue and pink area is much, much, bigger than you might imagine. Image: NASA

Large Magellanic Cloud

The following image is from the Large Magellanic Cloud, one of the brightest supernova explosions in centuries. A pink shockwave can be seen interacting with the star’s remains.

space exploration x ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova
This was one of the brightest supernova explosions in centuries. Image: NASA

Star dance

This image shows the two massive stars of the Eta Carinae system closely orbiting each other, with white representing optical data from the Hubble, blue representing UV light from the Hubble, and purple representing X-ray imaging from Chandra.

space exploration x ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova
These two stars are in a very close orbit. Image: NASA

Cartwheel Galaxy

Perhaps most spectacular of them all is this image of a small galaxy passing through the middle of a “bull’s eye” galaxy. Purple gas, lit up by X-ray data from Chandra, shows how the larger “Cartwheel galaxy” structure is being dragged over more than 150,000 light years.

space exploration x ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova
The whole structure is 150,000 light years across. Image: NASA

Helix Hebula

Finally, we have an image from the Helix Nebula, a multiwavelength image using data from a variety of telescopes spanning about four light years across.

space exploration x ray images nasa photo galaxy universe telescope colour spiral star bright radio wave technology gamma ray hubble observatory supernova
It took numerous telescopes to create this image. Image: NASA
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