• While many leading Wall Street firms are making climate pledges, these are not always backed up with action.
  • Investment firms must now integrate public climate policy into their business objectives and activities.
  • Doing so will help meet net-zero pledges, keep increasingly ESG-focused investors onside - and will benefit their bottom line, too.

The recent election of two activist directors to the board of one of the world’s biggest oil and gas companies is a watershed moment for climate action. However, Wall Street’s leaders have provided little more than a trickle of support for the public policies needed to accelerate dramatic market shifts and make net zero a reality through climate change investing.

A case in point: In April, investors managing $37 trillion committed to the Net-Zero Asset Manager Initiative, whereas a May investor statement for US EPA methane regulations – a critical early step on the path to net zero – garnered investor support of just $5.35 trillion in assets under management (AUM).

As public and corporate concern about the climate grows and as expectations for financial players escalate, it’s time for the C-Suite to integrate climate into their firms’ public policy advocacy.

The risk management imperative for climate change investing

In recent months, climate commitments among top asset managers and investment banks have become almost ubiquitous. Often, what's missing are concrete and holistic plans to turn net-zero goals into results at scale.

Public policy is among the climate issues financial firms must take on, because government action is a linchpin of:

1. Achieving decarbonization at the speed and scale required to meet financial firms’ public pledges.

2. Averting the worst consequences of climate change for the financial system and the real economy.

Asset managers could find exposure to equities at odds with their net-zero commitments if climate policy opportunities aren’t maximized. Banks could find entire segments of their lending books toxic if public policies to decarbonize capital-intensive sectors of the economy are not implemented - and that's not to mention the physical climate risks to portfolios from infrastructure and businesses that are more susceptible to flooding or extreme weather events, should our emissions continue unabated.

There is a better way. Government – in dialogue with business, investment and civil society leaders – can mandate disclosures, incentivize investments and implement standards for emission reductions across key sectors like oil and gas, transportation, power and industry. That’s why progressive investors have begun requesting disclosure of climate lobbying by their portfolio companies, to ensure that any such lobbying is aligned with the Paris Agreement goals.

Upside to climate policy integration

As fund managers increasingly turn to environmental, social and governance (ESG) criteria, advancing public policy that accelerates decarbonization can generate tailwinds for financial performance.

Given its considerable influence, Wall Street could have an active role in driving government policy towards more ambitious and innovative climate change investing, but only if finance leaders get off the sidelines.
Right now, the choice for executives is clear: take a seat at the climate policy table, or miss opportunities to build a better future for your business.

Three things every C-Suite should implement in 2021

As the business case for climate action is clearer than ever, it’s time to get past the myths keeping investors from engaging on climate public policy. To begin integrating climate public policy into your firm’s net zero plans, there are three initial steps:

1. People. Start by driving climate public policy as an important advocacy priority from the CEO on down. Develop and resource a climate policy team with an empowered leader to create a single point of accountability. This person should be a member of senior management – a chief climate officer, for example. The role could report directly to the board’s ESG committee (or closest equivalent).

2. Process. Integrate climate public policy into core processes, for example:

i. Regular meetings of executive or investment committees.

ii. Annual reporting that identifies immediate public policy priorities and longer-term goals to ensure Paris alignment.

iii. Agenda developments of government relations, investment stewardship and other teams.

3. Priorities. Select specific climate policies for engagement and support in the next year, with a focus on material opportunities for risk mitigation and/or upside generation related to important sectors and clients. In the US, for example, we expect to see investors with climate pledges actively supporting policies to regulate methane and flaring, decarbonize electricity, electrify transportation, and require mandatory disclosure of climate risk.

What’s the World Economic Forum doing about climate change?

Climate change poses an urgent threat demanding decisive action. Communities around the world are already experiencing increased climate impacts, from droughts to floods to rising seas. The World Economic Forum's Global Risks Report continues to rank these environmental threats at the top of the list.

To limit global temperature rise to well below 2°C and as close as possible to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, it is essential that businesses, policy-makers, and civil society advance comprehensive near- and long-term climate actions in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change.

The World Economic Forum's Climate Initiative supports the scaling and acceleration of global climate action through public and private-sector collaboration. The Initiative works across several workstreams to develop and implement inclusive and ambitious solutions.

This includes the Alliance of CEO Climate Leaders, a global network of business leaders from various industries developing cost-effective solutions to transitioning to a low-carbon, climate-resilient economy. CEOs use their position and influence with policy-makers and corporate partners to accelerate the transition and realize the economic benefits of delivering a safer climate.

Contact us to get involved.

The Biden administration recently announced a commitment to cut US greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030. By helping to enact public policies to get us there, Wall Street's leaders can de-risk their own investments and climate pledges, while bolstering the case for ESG investing.