Geographies in Depth

This is the state of renewable energy in Africa right now

row of solar panels renewable energy in Africa

Statista shares new data, charting the rise of renewable energy in Africa Image: REUTERS/Ludovic Marin/Pool

Martin Armstrong
Data Journalist, Statista
Share:
Our Impact
What's the World Economic Forum doing to accelerate action on Geographies in Depth?
The Big Picture
Explore and monitor how Africa is affecting economies, industries and global issues
A hand holding a looking glass by a lake
Crowdsource Innovation
Get involved with our crowdsourced digital platform to deliver impact at scale
Stay up to date:

Decarbonizing Energy

  • In 2020, 9% of all energy generated in Africa came from renewable sources, reports Statista.
  • North Africa is the current leader on the continent in terms of renewable energy capacity.
  • While Southern Africa is lagging behind, with just over 4,000 MW capacity.
  • When all under-construction projects are completed, Central Africa's capacity is set to more than double.

In 2020, 9 percent of all energy generated in Africa came from renewable sources, with a strong reliance (6.8 percent) on hydropower. The report by PricewaterhouseCoopers does however indicate that progress is being made in this area. From 2019 to 2020 alone, solar and wind capacity increased by 13 percent and 11 percent, respectively, while hydropower soared 25 percent. "Total installed renewable energy capacity in Africa has grown by over 24 GW since 2013". Looking further forward, forecasts to 2050 predict an extra 27.3 exajoules (EJ) compared to the current 1.8 EJ.

Surging renewable energy in Africa

Growth in the near future is "led by solar and wind projects in Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and Ethiopia". Indeed, as this infographic illustrates, North Africa is the current leader on the continent in terms of renewable energy capacity, and is likely to stay in this position when factoring in the capacity currently under construction. The largest increase when all under construction projects are completed will be seen in Central Africa, where the capacity is set to more than double. West Africa, on the other hand, has very little in the way of new capacity around the corner, with just 100 MW under construction at the time of publication, compared to the 15,201 in Central Africa, for example.

Discover

What's the World Economic Forum doing about the transition to clean energy?

Chart showing renewable energy in Africa
Central states log the largest increase in the generation of renewable energy in Africa Image: Statista
Have you read?
Loading...
Don't miss any update on this topic

Create a free account and access your personalized content collection with our latest publications and analyses.

Sign up for free

License and Republishing

World Economic Forum articles may be republished in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, and in accordance with our Terms of Use.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Related topics:
Geographies in DepthSustainable DevelopmentEnergy Transition
Share:
World Economic Forum logo
Global Agenda

The Agenda Weekly

A weekly update of the most important issues driving the global agenda

Subscribe today

You can unsubscribe at any time using the link in our emails. For more details, review our privacy policy.

What is desertification and why is it important to understand?

Andrea Willige

April 23, 2024

About Us

Events

Media

Partners & Members

  • Join Us

Language Editions

Privacy Policy & Terms of Service

© 2024 World Economic Forum