Future of the Environment

The Earth's freshwater cycle has exceeded the safe limit, says research

Green water is the rainwater available to plants in the soil. Image: Unsplash/Dave Herring

Arne Tobian

PhD Candidate in Planetary Boundaries, Stockholm University

Dieter Gerten

Working Group Leader, Terrestrial Safe Operating Space, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

Lan Wang Erlandsson

Researcher and Theme leader, Anthropocene Dynamics, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University


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Future of the Environment

By including green water in our assessment, we found that freshwater’s ability to sustain a stable Earth system is even more threatened than first reported. Image: Azote/Stockholm Resilience Centre.

Deforestation can halt the flow of green water in the hydrological cycle. Image: Unsplash/roya ann miller.
Radiation from the sun evaporates green water in the soil, cooling the environment and returning moisture to the atmosphere where it forms clouds and rain. Image: EPA-EFE/Rajat Gupta.


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Future of the EnvironmentClimate Change


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