Sociologist. Experience in globalization, development policy, international relations, and multinational business management. Former: university teacher, South Africa, Australia, Japan, and Germany; managerial and research-related positions, multinational corporations, trade unions and research institutes. 1980s to early 1990s, active in anti-apartheid struggle, South Africa. Former Chairman, ANC, Cape Town. Former Chair, International Civil Society Centre. Member, World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council on Anti-Corruption and Transparency. Member of the Board, Partnering Against Corruption Initiative, World Economic Forum.