Master's in International Economics and Monetary Theory, Rochester University, US. 1986-94, with McKinsey & Company, including as Partner and Partner Leader, insurance segment. 1995-2005, with Ras, Allianz Group, including as: Head, Claims Division; General Manager, Insurance Business; Managing Director; Chief Executive Officer; 2004, Member of the Management Board, Allianz, responsible for France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece and Turkey. 2005, Chief Executive Officer, Eurizon Financial Services. With Zurich Financial Services: 2007-10, Chief Executive Officer, Global Life. 2010-12, Chief Executive Officer, General Insurance, Zurich Insurance Group. August 2012, appointed Group Chief Executive Officer, Assicurazioni Generali. Member of the Board, Assicurazioni Generali.