Xuemei Bai is Professor of Urban Environment and Human Ecology at the Australian National University. Prior to joining ANU in 2011, Professor Bai worked as a Senior Principal Research Scientist at CSIRO, a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Global Environmentl Strategies in Japan, a visiting professor at Yale School of Forestry&Environmental Studies, and a research scientist at the Japanese Center for International Studies in Ecology. She is an Adjunct Professor at the Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Professor Bai is an appointed member of the Science Committee of Future Earth, a new 10-year international research program on global environmental change; Vice Chair of the Scientific Committee of the International Human Dimensional Program for Global Environmental Change (IHDP); an elected Board Member for Sustainable Urban Systems Chapter of International Society of Industrial Ecology, Foreign Expert Member of Task Force for Western Region Development under China Council for International Cooperation for Environment and Development. She served on the Science Steering Committee of IHDP Industrial Transformation Core Project, National Academies (USA) Study Committee on Electricity from Renewables, and Steering Committee member of US National Academies Sustainable Cities Initiative. She is on the Board of Contributing Editors of Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainability, Editorial Board of Computer, Environment and Urban Systems; and Advisory Board of the Open Environmental Journal.