Sustainable Ocean Production and Food Security from the Ocean

Sustainable Ocean Production: Blue Food

The challenge

By the year 2050, the human population is estimated to have grown from seven billion to 10 billion people. The current land-based system of food and protein production, cannot meet the needs of a growing and more urbanized population. Turning to the Ocean could be a solution, but it is being rapidly depleted of fish, due to unsustainable fishing and aquaculture.

The Action Track

Improve Ocean health and ensure human health through Ocean-related food security and nutrition, making the case for investment in sustainable Ocean food production and raising Ocean health higher in political fora on food security


SDG 2.4, SDG 14.2


Food and Agriculture Organisation

EAT Foundation

World Resources Institute (WRI)

Stanford Center for Ocean Solutions

Stockholm Resilience Centre


Identify knowledge gaps

Map work on Ocean-related food security

Scoped solutions already identified to tackle key challenges (e.g. how to scale aquaculture sustainably)

Identified gaps in existing research


Raise awareness on Ocean’s potential to partially fill the gap in the current food production systems and raise awareness of the Friends’ work on this, in the margins of Davos

Commission a ‘blue translation’ of the EAT-Lancet Commission to address the gaps that exist
on Ocean-related food security in relation to planetary boundaries as well as Ocean and human health

Collaborate with the Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU) and the High-Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy’s Expert Group which are both undertaking complementary research on this issue

Explore opportunity of UN Secretary-General’s 2019 Climate Change Summit as potential launchpad for an Ocean food security protein partnership

Map food security fora, broader than Ocean and identify opportunities of engagement, including with new partners such as the World Health Organization, on protein from the Ocean

Integrate Ocean production systems into broader initiatives such as the Global Commission on Adaptation


Publish report which develops global scientific evidence targets for healthy diets and sustainable Ocean-related food production

Launch ocean food security protein partnership

Other action tracks