Maintaining healthy forests, agricultural land, and coastal ecosystems offer a significant opportunity to achieve global climate goals.
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture, forestry, and other land use (AFOLU) contribute to about a quarter of emissions and must be reduced to limit the global average temperature rise to 2°C.
Equally, terrestrial and coastal ecosystems are one of the few available options to take in carbon and deliver GHG emissions to net-zero quickly and cost-effectively.
Studies have shown that natural climate solutions (NCS) can provide around 30% of the emissions reductions needed to limit global warming to 2 °C.
Despite their vast potential for reducing emissions, natural climate solutions attract very little public investment.
As well as mitigating climate change, NCS can also provide other important solutions, such as the protection of ecosystems and biodiversity, restoration of degraded lands and the support of sustainable livelihoods.
NCS have the power to transform agricultural and forestry practices and to improve the resilience of supply chains, including improved flood defences and increased soil health.