1979, degree, Economics, Moscow State University; 2001, PhD, Economics. 1979-92, diplomatic service, USSR Consulate-General in Australia and Embassy, UK. 1993-95, Deputy Head, Foreign Investment Department, Imperial Bank. 1995, elected First Deputy Chairman, National Reserve Bank. 1996-2002, appointed Chairman by presidential executive order, Vnesheconombank. Since 2002, with VTB Bank: President and Chairman, Management Board; Member, Supervisory Council. Awards: Orders For Merit to the Fatherland (2nd, 3rd and 4th classes); Order of Honour; Order of Merit (France); Presidential Letter of Appreciation for contribution to the development of the national economy, the strengthening of Russia's position in the global oil and gas industry and efforts to improve the investment climate in the Russian Federation (2017); Certificate of Appreciation, Government of the Russian Federation for Professional and Public Achievements (2016); Presidential Certificate of Honour for contributions to the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, professional achievements, civic engagement, and many years of dedicated service (2015); Letter of Gratitude, Russian Government, for contributions to the development of the Russian banking system (2006); Russian Government Certificate of Honour for contributions to the development of the Russian banking system (2001); Russian Government Certificate of Honour for contributions to the development of foreign banking activity in Russia (1998).