Degree in Law, University of Lisbon; Postgraduate degree in European Studies, Lisbon Catholic University. Attorney. 1982-93, Member of the Lisbon City Assembly. 1991-2004, Member of Parliament. 1995-97, Secretary of State for Parliamentary Affairs; 1997-99, Minister of Parliamentary Affairs. 1999-2002, Minister of Justice. 2002-04, led the Socialist group in Parliament. 2004-05, elected to the European Parliament, serving as Vice-President of the European Parliament. 2005-07, Minister of State and Home Affairs. 2007-15, Mayor of Lisbon. 2010-15, Member of the Committee of Regions. 2013-15, President of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. Since 2014, Secretary-General, Portuguese Socialist Party. Since 26 November 2015, Prime Minister of Portugal.