BA in Japanese, University of Paris VII; MA in Economic Analysis and Policy, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, Paris. Formerly with: INSEE; French Treasury, including as Economic Adviser to the Director, Head, Foreign Exchange Policy and Economic Policy Unit. 2002-06, Deputy Chief Executive, and 2006-07, Chief Executive, Agence France Trésor; 2007-09, Head of Multilateral Affairs and Development, and 2009-11, Deputy Director-General, French Treasury. Chairman, Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures. Recipient, awards and honours, including: Médaille de la défense nationale; Médaille d'outre-mer; Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Mérite; Chevalier de l'Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur; nominated best young French economist.