Betsy Cooper, the former Executive Director of the Berkeley Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity, is a cybersecurity strategist. Betsy came to UC Berkeley from the Department of Homeland Security, where she served as an attorney advisor to the Deputy General Counsel and as a policy counselor in the Office of Policy. Betsy, a graduate of Yale Law School, previously clerked for Berkeley Law professor and Judge William Fletcher on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She also completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation, as well as a Yale Public Interest Fellowship. Prior to her arrival at Berkeley, Betsy worked for over a decade in homeland security consulting, managing projects for Atlantic Philanthropies (Dublin, Ireland), the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit in London, the World Bank, and a number of other think tanks. Betsy is also the author of over twenty manuscripts and articles on US and European immigration and refugee policy, and her book manuscript Europe's Security Solution: Can Immigrant Integration Really Prevent Terrorism? is currently under review. In addition to her law degree, Betsy holds a DPhil in Politics from Oxford University, an M.Sc. in Forced Migration from Oxford University, and a B.A. in Industrial and Labor Relations from Cornell University.