1986, graduate, Economics Faculty, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Formerly with: USSR Scientific and Industrial Union Board; Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs. 1994-95, Deputy Head, Economic Reform Department; Head, Division for State Regulation of Economy, Ministry of Economy of the Russian Federation. 1995-96, Deputy Head, Economic Reform Department, Russian Federation Ministry of Economy. 1996-97, Head, Economic Reform Department, Russian Federation Ministry of Economy, Member, Ministry’s Board. 1997-98, Deputy Minister of Economy. 1998-99, Deputy Chairperson, Promtorgbank Board. 1999, Executive Director, Eurasian Ratings Service. 1999-2000, Vice-President, Centre for Strategic Research Foundation. 2000-03, First Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Russian Federation. 2003-05, President, Centre for Strategic Research Foundation. 2005-07, Head, Expert Council, Organizing Committee for Russia’s Presidency, G-8 in 2006; Head of Research, Centre for Strategic Research. September 2007, appointed Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Russian Federation. From May 2008, Minister of Economic Development, Russian Federation. May 2012 - June 2013, Aide to the President, Russian Federation. Since June 2013, Governor, Bank of Russia.