BSc in Power Engineering, Technical University of Istanbul; MSc and PhD in Energy Economics, Technical University, Vienna. Formerly, with OPEC. Since 1995, with International Energy Agency: Chief Economist, responsible for annual World Energy Outlook; Founder and Chair, IEA Energy Business Council. Chairman, Energy Advisory Board, World Economic Forum. Has served on UN Secretary-General's High-Level Group on Sustainable Energy for All. Recipient, honours and awards, including: Order of the Rising Sun, Japan (2013); Doctorate of Science honoris causa, Imperial College London (2013); Honorary Life Member, Galatasaray Football Club (2013); named among the most powerful people in terms of influence on the world's energy scene, Forbes Magazine; Golden Honour Medal, Austria; Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques, France; Federal Cross of Merit, Germany; a decoration from Iraq; Order of Merit of the Republic, Italy; decorations from the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey, the United States and the Russian Academy of Sciences; award for outstanding contribution to the profession, International Association of Energy Economics.